"city by mistake"... i decided to also go through some news. some situations that were born out of a mistake. but exposed the level of governement absence or government oppression. i am not sure how to call it. either government or hegemony. hegemony might be a better word.
wiki: Geographic hegemony
In The Production of Space (1992), Henri Lefebvre posits that geographic space is not a passive locus of social relations, but that it is trialectical — constituted by mental space, socialspace, and physical space — hence, hegemony is a spatial process influenced by geopolitics. In the ancient world, hydraulic despotism was established in the fertile river valleys ofEgypt, China, and Mesopotamia. In China, during the Warring States Era, the Qin State created the Chengkuo Canal for geopolitical advantage over its local rivals. In Eurasia, successor state hegemonies were established in the Middle East, using the sea (Greece) and the fringe lands (Persia, Arabia). European hegemony moved west-wards, to Rome, then north-wards, to the Holy Roman Empire of the Franks. At the Atlantic Ocean, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom established their hegemonic centres; in due course, geography dictated that the political poles then moved to the United States and the Soviet Union; to wit, geography can determine the long- and short-life of an hegemony, e.g. China's,Pax Sinica and the Roman Empire's Pax Romana in contrast to those of the Mongol Empire and Imperial Japan's Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere; (see Edward Soja, David Harvey, and Chantal Mouffe).
15 Temmuz 2010 Perşembe
Ne yaptın Hatice teyze?
15 Temmuz 1969 tarihli Cumhuriyet gazetesinin haberine göre Kocamustafapaşa'daki bir balkonda çamaşır ipinde çamaşırlarla birlikte asılı orak-çekiçli Sovyet bayrağı “çevrede hayret uyandırmış”. Siyasi polisin gözaltına aldığı ev sahibi 67 yaşındaki Hatice K., ABD Konsolosluğu'nda ütücülük yaptığını, oradan kendisine verilen kullanılmış eşyalar arasından çıkan orak-çekiçli bayrağı tanımadığını söylemiş. Hatice K., “üzerinde şekiller bulunan kırmızı bir bez” diye tanımladığı bayrağı yıkayıp kestikten sonra kilim yapmayı düşündüğünü söylemiş.
Gramsci used the term hegemony to denote the predominance of one social class over others (e.g. bourgeois hegemony). This represents not only political and economic control, but also the ability of the dominant class to project its own way of seeing the world so that those who are subordinated by it accept it as 'common sense' and 'natural'. Commentators stress that this involves willing and active consent. Common sense, suggests Geoffrey Nowell-Smith, is 'the way a subordinate class lives its subordination' (cited in Alvarado & Boyd-Barrett 1992: 51).
However, unlike Althusser, Gramsci emphasizes struggle. He noted that 'common sense is not something rigid and immobile, but is continually transforming itself' (Gramsci, cited in Hall 1982: 73). As Fiske puts it, 'Consent must be constantly won and rewon, for people's material social experience constantly reminds them of the disadvantages of subordination and thus poses a threat to the dominant class... Hegemony... posits a constant contradiction between ideology and the social experience of the subordinate that makes this interface into an inevitable site of ideological struggle' (Fiske 1992: 291). References to the mass media in terms of an ideological 'site of struggle' are recurrent in the commentaries of those influenced by this perspective. Gramsci's stance involved a rejection of economism since it saw a struggle for ideological hegemony as a primary factor in radical change. (daniel chandler / marxist media theory)